Many people experience some form of gum disease in their life. However, not many of them know what periodontics is and what type of procedures a periodontist performs. Gingivitis and periodontal disease are quite common in the United States. These dental conditions often go unnoticed until it becomes more severe.
This guide will address several procedures that periodontists perform. These periodontal treatments range from non-surgical treatment to tray delivery systems, regeneration, and beyond. So, let’s find out:
Non-surgical Periodontal Treatment
Not every periodontal treatment requires invasive surgery. For instance, the early stage of gum disease can be treated from deep cleanings and root planning. In such cases, the goal is to remove plaque and tartar and get rid of toxins. In fact, our first priority is to help you achieve periodontal health in the least invasive and cost-effective manner. This can likely be attained through non-surgical procedures. However, these affordable and least invasive procedures also have their limitations. Thus, surgery may be needed to restore your periodontal health if the condition is beyond the reach of non-surgical treatment.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is a precise cleaning to remove plaque and tartar from the root surfaces. This process also smoothes the tooth root to eliminate bacterial toxins. In some cases, scaling and root planing are followed by adjunctive therapy, such as host modulation or systemic antibiotics. However, many patients usually don’t require any further treatment other than maintenance therapy to sustain their health.
Tray Delivery Systems
Today, dentists take impressions of your mouth to develop a tray delivery system. These impressions help design a custom-made tray that is used as a home medication delivery that has been prescribed by the dentist. This periodontics tray works just like the traditional fluoride trays that are used to prevent tooth decay. Therefore, this drug delivery system is often considered effective assistance to non-surgical periodontal treatments.
The dental implant is a procedure that involves the replacement of a missing tooth with an artificial tooth root. This procedure is teamwork between you, your periodontist, and your dentist. First, the root is placed in your jaw to connect with your jawbone. This process is often referred to as osseointegration. After the healing process, an artificial tooth is mounted to the implant, giving you a complete and healthy smile.
This procedure redevelops lost tissue and bone supporting your teeth to reverse the damage caused by periodontal disease. During this process, your periodontist treats your gum tissue and removes bacteria that caused an infection. Your body has inherent the ability to regrow bone and tissue. Through treatment, membranes and proteins work as a catalyst to kick-start the process of regeneration. Thus, resulting in eliminating existing disease and regenerate tissues and bones.
Soft Tissue Grafting
In this periodontal surgery, your gum tissue (taken from an unaffected area) is used to treat the damaged or an exposed root. Soft tissue grafting is used to treat several teeth, gum lines and reduce sensitivity. Your dentist might refer you to a periodontist when you experience gum recession or bone loss. This treatment reduces these conditions and covers your roots to protect them from decay. Providing you with an aesthetically-pleasing and healthy smile.
Gingivectomy, also known as crown lengthening or gingival sculpting, is the oldest approach to periodontal surgery. In this procedure, your periodontist or oral surgeon cuts away the infected area of your gums under local anesthesia.